E-toll in Poland – A Model System

Poland has successfully designed and implemented a toll system, named viaTOLL, to raise revenues for road maintenance and regulate vehicle types that use the nation’s main road network. This initiative has served and can continue to serve as a model for neighboring countries.[protected]

viaTOLL in Poland – What is it?

viaTOLL is an electronic toll collection system that was implemented in Poland on July 1, 2011. It replaced the previous vignette system. The design, construction and operation of the National System Toll was outsourced to the syndicate Kapsch by Poland’s General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDDKiA) on November 2, 2010. This arrangement applies to the spaces on Class A roads, (highway) S-class roads (highway), and some additional roads.

Who Does the viaTOLL System Apply To?

The system will be both mandatory and voluntary for vehicles traveling on the road toll, depending on their type as explained below.

The viaTOLL system is mandatory for all vehicles and combinations of vehicles with a maximum mass greater than 3500 kg and buses with more than 9 seats (regardless of their maximum permissible weight). Corresponding vehicles must be fitted with a small device used for the toll payment called viaBOX.

The system will be open to motor vehicles and vehicle combinations with a maximum authorized weight not exceeding 3500 kg. Thanks to this system, vehicles will be able to pay the toll fee automatically with a device called viaAuto.

Looking Forward

Poland’s implementation of this toll system, which provides revenue to ensure the proper maintenance of the national road network, is a step in the right direction. For the first time, GDDKiA has not had to ask for money from the National Road Fund. Finally, revenues from the viaTOLL system have covered the costs of renovation and the proper maintenance of the road network.

Now it is time for the second step of introducing traffic management. The General Inspectorate of Road Transport can now identify and penalize overloaded cars driving on roads that are destroying the road network. GDDKiA can ensure a good network of roads that do not fall apart under the pressure of too heavy vehicles.

Several of Poland’s neighbors have tried to come up with systems similar to viaTOLL, in order to raise revenue and deal with similar road maintenance issues. The Polish system has not only been successful in meeting its financial goals, but it was implemented in record time — in many countries, this process takes 3-4 years.[/protected]

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Wojciech Bugajski

About Wojciech Bugajski

Wojtek has over 12 years of experience in transport management. His professional expertise includes transport loan projects, PPP motorways and road user charging systems (cooperation with United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - UNECE), ITS projects, financial analysis and modeling, and the implementation of renewable resources energy projects. He is currently working at the Strategy Office for PKP Polish Railway Company HQ in Warsaw. He also has a long-term cooperation with the World Bank and European Commission and Council. Since 2006, Wojtek has been engaged in the implementation of intelligent transport systems policy for the Polish government. He is also a member of ITS POLAND, a professional public-private initiative dedicated to the development and deployment of ITS technologies to enhance safe, efficient and environmentally friendly transportation systems. ITS Polska is a partnership of knowledge and viable source of information for all ITS stakeholders including industry, transport professionals, decision makers, research and academic institutions). http://itspolska.pl